Supply Chain and Blockchain

A Blockchain Platform for Protecting Intellectual Property

Prior studies have already predicted that enforcement of IP on the additive manufacturing industry will not be successful due to the widespread use of file-sharing technologies, similar to the entertainment and music industry. This study discusses the capabilities of Blockchain technology for protecting IP in the design and manufacturing area. A conceptual framework for a digital platform is defined and further, a survey study of engineering design and manufacturing students has been conducted to identify the main motivation behind developing these platforms and the types of features that should be included in Blockchain-based IP platforms for asset protection, particularly for product design. In addition, respondents provided their opinions about the type of industry that might be affected more by the threat of counterfeiting products and the role of Blockchain-based IP systems on the growth and development of innovation.

 

Videogrammetry in Blockchain Platforms for Food Supply Chain Traceability

The study discusses the use of videogrammetry as a data collection mechanism for bringing the product lifecycle data on digital Blockchain platforms and solving the “last mile” problem and data verification issue on Blockchain platforms. A conceptual example of organic meat processing is discussed to describe the proposed procedure and show how videogrammetry in combination with RFID and fingerprints can be used to solve the data verification issue on Blockchain platforms.

A Decision-Making Framework for Blockchain Technology Selection

The costly implementation, data verification issues, and the risk of uploading inaccurate information on Blockchain platforms have limited the adoption rate and capabilities offered by them. Companies often face the question of what type of distributed ledger technology and verification protocol is more efficient in terms of operational costs as well as security. The purpose of this study is to develop an optimization framework to make a trade-off between the cost of implementation of the technology and the security level. The framework is developed based on utility theory principles. The main focus is to discuss the cost associated with various aspects of technology implementation.